family and society in teaching values
Bulk of literature has shown that the family and society play a significant role in shaping moral values of a child. There is a strong bonding between the parents and a child, which determines his personality. Family is the basis on which values are built.
Moral values such as truthfulness, happiness, peace, justice are inculcated in child’s thoughts, feelings and actions and they function as ideals and standards that govern his actions in the life. The value system practised in the family becomes automatic to the young family member if he is taught moral values thoroughly. The family has a great responsibility to pass on to the child many truths and values, and competencies to accomplish his place in life, whatever the society, whatever the culture or times. The eternal values of Truth, Right Conduct, Peace, Love and Harmlessness (Non-Violence) are transmitted on first through the family. Mother is the first teacher. Mother is foundational, central, life-bringer and life-shaper, from whom, child acquires self-knowledge, self-confidence, learn self-satisfaction, self-worth, and self-sacrifice.
The family forms the child’s viewpoint towards people and society, and helps in his mental development and supports his desires and values. Delightful and joyful atmosphere in the family develops love, affection, tolerance, and generosity. A child learns his behaviour by demonstrating what he sees around him. Family also contributes significantly in helping a child socialize and has great influence and bearing on his progress. In joint family system, the presence of elders in the family plays an effective role in his social and moral development. It also aids young generation of the family to develop human values and eliminate pessimism.
Child recognizes himself with his parents, other family elders and espouse them as his personal models for emulation and imitation. The behavioural problems are set correct only by the involvement of family in the child’s life as he spends most of his time in adolescence with the parents. Family is the first social organisation that provides the immediate closeness from which the child can learn his behaviour.
Family values help the child to stand strong on his views regardless of others’ efforts to break through with opposing views. A child has a strong sense of what is right and wrong and is less likely to become a sufferer of deviant influences.
-by Priyanka Chaudhary